Экзаменационные вопросы Восточные славяне. Образование Древнерусского государства. Киевская Русь в Х первой трети ХII в

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Экзаменационные вопросы Восточные славяне. Образование Древнерусского государства. Киевская Русь в Х первой трети ХII в



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Б.1.1 Отечественная история

Экзаменационные вопросы

  1. Восточные славяне. Образование Древнерусского государства.

  2. Киевская Русь в Х – первой трети ХII в.

  3. Культура Руси в домонгольский период.

  4. Русские княжества в период феодальной раздробленности (XII – первая половина XIII вв.).

  5. Борьба Руси против иноземных захватчиков в ХIII в.

  6. Объединительный процесс в русских землях в ХIV – ХV вв. Образование единого Русского централизованного государства.

  7. Русская культура во второй половине XIII – XV вв.

  8. Российское государство в период правления Ивана IV

  9. Русская культура в конце XV – XVI вв.

  10. Россия в конце XVI – начале XVII в. Смута.

  11. Социально-экономическое и внутриполитическое развитие России в ХVII в. Нароные движения.

  12. Внешняя политика России в XVII в. Освоение Сибири.

  13. Культура России в XVII в.

  14. Россия в период правления Петра I.

  15. Культура России в первой четверти XVIII в.

  16. Россия в эпоху дворцовых переворотов.

  17. Внутренняя политика России во второй половине XVIII в. Крестьянская война под предводительством Е.И. Пугачева.

  18. Внешняя политика России во второй половине XVIII в.

  19. Культура России во второй половине XVIII в.

  20. Социально-экономическое развитие России в первой половине XIX в.

  21. Внутренняя политика российского самодержавия в первой половине XIX в.

  22. Внешняя политика России в первой половине XIX в.

  23. Освободительное движение в России в первой половине XIX в.

  24. Русская культура в первой половине XIX в.

  25. Отмена крепостного права в России.

  26. Буржуазные реформы 60-70-х гг. XIX в.

  27. Внешняя политика России во второй половине XIX в.

  28. Революционно-демократическое и народническое движение в России в 60-80-е гг. XIX в.

  29. Россия в период правления Александра III.

  30. Русская культура во второй половине XIX в.

  31. Социально-экономическое развитие России в конце XIX – начале XX вв.

  32. Внутриполитическое развитие России в конце XIX – начале XIX вв. Назревание революционного кризиса.

  33. Внешняя политика России в конце XIX – начале XIX вв. Россия в первой мировой войне.

  34. Культура России в конце XIX - начале ХХ в.

  35. Революционные события в России (февраль-октябрь 1917 гг.).

  36. Гражданская война и военная интервенция 1918-1920 гг.

  37. Социально-экономическое развитие СССР в годы НЭПа.

  38. Политическое и культурное развитие СССР в период НЭПа.

  39. Социально-экономическое развитие СССР в конце 20-30-х гг.

  40. Политическая жизнь в 1930-е гг.

  41. Советская внешняя политика в 1921-1941 гг.

  42. СССР в годы Великой Отечественной войны 1941-1945 гг.

  43. СССР в послевоенные годы 1946-1953 гг. Начало «холодной войны».

  44. Период реформ Н.С. Хрущева.

  45. Внешняя политика СССР в 1953-1964 гг.

  46. Советское общество в 1964-1985 гг. Социально-экономическое, политическое и культурное развитие.

  47. Международное положение и внешняя политика СССР в 1965-1985 гг.

  48. Культура СССР в середине 60-х – середине 80-х гг.

  49. Перестройка в СССР.

  50. Социально-политическое и экономическое развитие России в 1991-2003 гг.

Б.1.3 Иностранный язык



Тестовые задания

1 курс



ДЕ

Наименование

Дидактической единицы ГОС



задания

Тема

задания

1

Лексика

1-10

Учебная лексика

11-17

Деловая лексика

2

Грамматика

18-19

Словообразование

20-26

Местоимения

27-29

Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий

30-32

Артикли

33-35

Предлоги

36-37

38-47


Союзы

Глаголы и его формы



3

Речевой этикет

48

Профессионально-деловая сфера

49

Учебно-социальная сфера

50

Социально-деловая сфера

4

Культура и традиции стран

изучаемого языка



51-52

Великобритания

53

США

54

Канада

55-56

Выдающиеся личности англо-говорящих стран

6

Чтение

57

Ознакомительное чтение с целью определения истинности или ложности утверждения

58

Изучающее чтение с элементами сопоставления

59

Изучающее чтение с элементами анализа информации

60

Изучающее чтение с выделением главных компонентов содержания текста


Заполните пропуски:

1. Did you hear the exam …?

a) results c) marks

b) rewards d) tasks


2. I saw my old English … from junior school yesterday.

a) professor c) employee

b) teacher d) trainer
3. I … a guided tour of a famous city last year.

a) travel c) go on

b) get d) walk
4. I sometimes … a taxi home late at night.

a) travel c) get

b) go on d) walk
5. In Scotland the important rivers the Clyde and the Forth, which are … by a canal.

a) gathered c) picked up

b) joined d) collect
6. The term independent school … to any private school that is independently governed by a board of trustees.

a) stands c) means

b) considers d) refers
7. In 1932 Galsworthy was … with the Nobel Prize in literature.

a) awarded c) given

b) received d) taken
8. Millions of people around the world own cameras and enjoy … photos.

a) taking c) doing

b) making d) giving
9. Most students … public schools.

a) attend c) go

b) visit d) walk
10. The country’s … reflects the influence of centuries of Turkish rule.

a) kitchen c) cuisine

b) meals d) lunch
11. The American demands were not … .

a) answered c) sent

b) met d) taken
12. The minister of foreign … is responsible for foreign policy.

a) affairs c) problems

b) matters d) questions
13. Money for community programs has run … .

a) short c) finished

b) end d) exhausted
14. Peoples of Asia … for three-fifths of the world’s population.

a) responsible c) account

b) demand d) estimate
15. Most libraries allow users to …materials for two to four weeks.

a) borrow c) give

b) lend d) send
16. Tourism and shipping … major contributions to the Greek economy.

a) bring c) make

b) bear d) do
17. He … a theatre company and various employment training programs.

a) runs c) appoints

b) selects d) has

18. She looked at me … .

a) angry c) anger

b) angrily d) more angry


19. Trafalgar Square, a popular tourist spot, is often the site of political demonstrations, as well as a traditional … of New Year celebrations.

a) locate c) locating

b) location d) locator
20. They have got a new house . … roof is red.

a) His c) Its

b) Their d) It's
21. … few people came to the meeting that it was put off..

a) So c) So a

b) Such d) Such a
22. … student must learn at least one foreign language.

a) All c) Each

b) Most d) Most of

23. Will you give me two … stamps ?

a) else c) other

b) another d) more


24. Jane likes her coffee with … sugar.

a) many c) a few

b) a little d) few
25. Don't worry. He can do it … .

a) myself c) yourself

b) himself d) yourselves
26. Tom can't go … today. He doesn't feel well.

a) somewhere c) nowhere

b) anywhere d) anyone
27. Our new flat is … than the old one.

a) much light c) more lighter

b) more light d) much lighter
28. This article is ___________ than the one I read yesterday.

a) less interesting c) least interesting

b) less more interesting d) interesting
29. They live … -from the school as we do.

a) farther c) farthest

b) more far d) as far

30. …Himalayas are the highest mountains in Asia.

a) The c) An

b) А d) -


31. Over 75 countries in … world use … English as … official language.

a) the, - , the c) the, the, a

b) a, -, the d) the, -, -
32. Even though he is … Brazilian he doesn’t drink … coffee, just … cup of …tea.

a) a, -, the, - c) -, -, a, -

b) -, the, -, - d) -, -, the, -
33. I am sick and tired … this loud music.

a) of c) on

b) from d) with
34. I am really interested … working for this firm.

a) in b) about

b) of c) with
35. … his opinion she looked like a princess.

a) to c) on

b) in d) with
36. The metal has been known and highly valued from earliest time, not only … its beauty and resistance to corrosion but also … gold is easier to work than all other metals.

a) because, because c) because, because of

b) because of, because of d) because of, because
37. … he goes there, he will miss any chance to get a well-paid job.

a) till c) unless

b) until d) when
Dear Donna,

I have some wonderful news for you. Clive is at home at last. He__38____already with us for five days. He looks very different. He told me he___39___greatly. Last week I__40__him some smart new clothes, but he said he__41___more comfortable in his old jeans and his T-shirt.

The thing that really worries me is that he___42____that dreadful girl, Nora, yet. On his first day home he asked about her when we__43___ lunch. He went to the house, she used to live in, but he__44__that Nora's family ___ 45____away from this district. Clive said he __46___stop looking for Nora until he __47__her. He's not at home again. I am afraid he will find her. I don't know what to do. What should I do? I hope to hear from you soon.

With love

Aunt Silvia
38. а) be c) has been

b) is d) had been


39. a) changes c) has changed

b) is changing d) had changed


40. a) buy c) has bought

b) bought d) had bought


41 a) feels c) has felt

b) felt d) fell


42. a) doesn't forget c) hasn't forgotten

b) didn't forget d) hadn't forgotten


43. a) have c) have had

b) had d) were having


44 a) told c) was told

b) has told d) is told


45. a) move c) has moved

b) moved d) had moved


46. a) won't c) doesn't

b) wouldn't d) isn't


47. a) finds c) found

b) will find d) would found


Выберите_реплику,_наиболее_соответствующую_сфере_общения'>Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую сфере общения:
48. Boss: “Do you see what I mean?”

Employee: “_______________”

a) I don’t think so. c) Yes, do, please.

b) Yes, and I don’t agree with you. d) Yes, but I am not sure I quite agree.


49. Student: “Could I tell these rules at the next lesson? I don’t feel well.”

Teacher: “____________________________________________”

a) Yes, of course. And I don’t mind your going home.

b) Oh, my dear, you look awful. What’s the matter with you?

c) No, you can’t.

d) Yes, I have.


50. Receptionist: “Can I help you?”

Client: “_________________”

a) I’m so glad to see you. c) Yes, please. Could I reserve a room?

b) Fine. d) No, that’s not necessary.


Выберите правильные варианты ответа:
51. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of … .

a) five parts c) three parts

b) four parts d) two parts
52. What is the national emblem of England?

a) thistle c) leek

b) red rose d) shamrock
53. The USA consists of 50 … .

a) states c) districts

b) republics d) countries
54. French is an official language in … .

a) India c) New Zealand

b) Sweden d) Canada
55. Who was Margaret Thatcher by education?

a) chemist c) politician

b) biologist d) lawyer
56. Who was the first president of America?

a) George Washington c) John Kennedy

b) Margaret Thatcher d) George Bush
Прочитайте текст

At the age of sixty-five, Laura Ingalls Wilder began writing a series of novels based on her early experiences on the American frontier. Born in the state of Wisconsin in 1867, she and her family were purposeful pioneers. Looking for better farm land, they went by covered wagon to Missouri in 1869, then on to Kansas the next year, returning to Wisconsin in 1871, and travelling to Minnesota and Iowa before settling permanently in South Dakota in 1879. Because of this constant moving, Wilder's early education took place in a succession of one-room schools.

From the age of thirteen to sixteen, she attended school more regularly, although she never graduated. At the age of eighteen, she married Almanzo James Wilder. Soon after that they bought a small farm in the Ozarks, where they remained for the rest of their lives. Their only daughter, Rose, who had become a nationally known journalist, stimulated her mother to write. Serving as agent and editor, Rose contacted with harper's to publish her mother's first book "Little Houses in the Big Woods". Seven more books followed, each of them described her early life on the plains. Written from the perspective of a child, they have remained popular with young readers from many nations. Twenty years after her death in 1957, more than 20 million copies had been sold, and they had been translated into fourteen languages. In 1974, a weekly television series, "Little House on the Prairie" were produced based on the stories from the Wilder's books.
frontier- граница

succession- последовательность, ряд

perspective - позиция, точка зрения
57. Определите является ли утверждение:
She graduated from a one-room school.


  1. ложным с) в тексте нет информации

  2. истинным

58. Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1-2) соответствует следующая идея:

Laura's family travel a lot when she was a child because they wanted to find better farm land.
1) At the age of sixty-five, Laura Ingalls Wilder began writing a series of novels based on her early experiences on the American frontier. Born in the state of Wisconsin in 1867, she and her family were purposeful pioneers. Looking for better farm land, they went by covered wagon to Missouri in 1869, then on to Kansas the next year, returning to Wisconsin in 1871, and travelling to Minnesota and Iowa before settling permanently in South Dakota in 1879. Because of this constant moving, Wilder's early education took place in a succession of one-room schools.

2) From the age of thirteen to sixteen, she attended school more regularly, although she never graduated. At the age of eighteen, she married Almanzo James Wilder. Soon after that they bought a small farm in the Ozarks, where they remained for the rest of their lives. Their only daughter, Rose, who had become a nationally known journalist, stimulated her mother to write. Serving as agent and editor, Rose contacted with harper's to publish her mother's first book "Little Houses in the Big Woods". Seven more books followed, each of them described her early life on the plains. Written from the perspective of a child, they have remained popular with young readers from many nations. Twenty years after her death in 1957, more than 20 million copies had been sold, and they had been translated into fourteen languages. In 1974, a weekly television series, "Little House on the Prairie" were produced based on the stories from the Wilder's books.


59. Ответьте на вопрос:
What did Laura do at the age of eighteen?
a) She entered a university. c) She wrote her first book.

b) She got married. d) She published her first book.


60. Определите основную мысль текста:

At the age of sixty-five, Laura Ingalls Wilder began writing a series of novels based on her early experiences on the American frontier. Born in the state of Wisconsin in 1867, she and her family were purposeful pioneers. Looking for better farm land, they went by covered wagon to Missouri in 1869, then on to Kansas the next year, returning to Wisconsin in 1871, and travelling to Minnesota and Iowa before settling permanently in South Dakota in 1879. Because of this constant moving, Wilder's early education took place in a succession of one-room schools.

From the age of thirteen to sixteen, she attended school more regularly, although she never graduated. At the age of eighteen, she married Almanzo James Wilder. Soon after that they bought a small farm in the Ozarks, where they remained for the rest of their lives. Their only daughter, Rose, who had become a nationally known journalist, stimulated her mother to write. Serving as agent and editor, Rose contacted with harper's to publish her mother's first book "Little Houses in the Big Woods". Seven more books followed, each of them described her early life on the plains. Written from the perspective of a child, they have remained popular with young readers from many nations. Twenty years after her death in 1957, more than 20 million copies had been sold, and they had been translated into fourteen languages. In 1974, a weekly television series, "Little House on the Prairie" were produced based on the stories from the Wilder's books.
a) Life of American pioneers c) A weekly television series.

b) Children's literature. d) Wilder's career.



2 курс



ДЕ

Наименование

Дидактической единицы ГОС



задания

Тема

задания

1

Лексика

1-10

Учебная лексика

11-16

Деловая лексика

17-20

Профессиональная лексика

21-23

Термины

2

Грамматика

24-25

Словообразование

26-31

Местоимения

33-35

Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий

36-38

Артикли

39-41

Предлоги

42-43

Союзы

44-53

Глаголы и его формы

54-55

Неличные формы глагола

56

Фразовые глаголы

57-58

Модальные глаголы

3

Речевой этикет

59

Профессионально-деловая сфера

60

Учебно-социальная сфера

61

Социально-деловая сфера

4

Культура и традиции стран

изучаемого языка



62-63

Великобритания

64

США

65

Канада

66-67

Выдающиеся личности англо-говорящих стран

5

Письмо

68

Оформление делового письма

69

Оформление резюме, письма-заявления, письма-уведомления, письма-запроса

70

Оформление электронного сообщения, факса

71

Оформление служебной записки, телефонограммы, повестки дня

6

Чтение

72

Ознакомительное чтение с целью определения истинности или ложности утверждения

73

Изучающее чтение с элементами сопоставления

74

Изучающее чтение с элементами анализа информации

75

Изучающее чтение с выделением главных компонентов содержания текста


Заполните пропуски:

1. Did you hear the exam …?

a) results c) marks

b) rewards d) tasks


2. I saw my old English … from junior school yesterday.

a) professor c) employee

b) teacher d) trainer
3. I … a guided tour of a famous city last year.

a) travel c) go on

b) get d) walk
4. I sometimes … a taxi home late at night.

a) travel c) get

b) go on d) walk
5. In Scotland the important rivers the Clyde and the Forth, which are … by a canal.

a) gathered c) picked up

b) joined d) collect
6. The term independent school … to any private school that is independently governed by a board of trustees.

a) stands c) means

b) considers d) refers
7. In 1932 Galsworthy was … with the Nobel Prize in literature.

a) awarded c) given

b) received d) taken
8. Millions of people around the world own cameras and enjoy … photos.

a) taking c) doing

b) making d) giving
9. Most students … public schools.

a) attend c) go

b) visit d) walk
10. The country’s … reflects the influence of centuries of Turkish rule.

a) kitchen c) cuisine

b) meals d) lunch
11. The American demands were not … .

a) answered c) sent

b) met d) taken
12. Readership figures are usually considered to be higher than _______ figures.

a) circulation c) contribution

b) distribution d) concentration
13. These paintings are presented in the Museum of ________ Arts.


  1. Wonderful c) Exultant

  2. Fine d) Beautiful

14. Peoples of Asia … for three-fifths of the world’s population.

a) responsible c) account

b) demand d) estimate


15. Most libraries allow users to …materials for two to four weeks.

a) borrow c) give

b) lend d) send
16. Tourism and shipping … major contributions to the Greek economy.

a) bring c) make

b) bear d) do
17. He … a theatre company and various employment training programs.

a) runs c) appoints

b) selects d) has
18. … is a particular system of art, thoughts, customs of a society.

a) communication c) culture

b) law d) tradition
19. A ________ took place between Russian and American students.

a) metre c) rhyme

b) conversation d) solution
20. _______ is a publication that appears at fixed intervals.

a) copy c) periodical

b) edition d) issue
21. … is a particular system of art, thoughts, customs of a society.

a) communication c) culture

b) law d) tradition
22. The Ancient Greeks were the first to begin to formalize ________ as an art, developing strict definitions of tragedy and comedy.

a) movie c) poetry

b) theatre d) music
23. Most fiction is ________ writing.

a) factual c) narrative

b) exultant d) complicated
24. She looked at me … .

a) angry c) anger

b) angrily d) more angry
25.

26. They have got a new house . … roof is red.

a) His c) Its

b) Their d) It's


27. … few people came to the meeting that it was put off..

a) So c) So a

b) Such d) Such a
28. … student must learn at least one foreign language.

a) All c) Each

b) Most d) Most of
29. Will you give me two … stamps ?

a) else c) other

b) another d) more
30. Jane likes her coffee with … sugar.

a) many c) a few

b) a little d) few
31. Don't worry. He can do it … .

a) myself c) yourself

b) himself d) yourselves
32. Tom can't go … today. He doesn't feel well.

a) somewhere c) nowhere

b) anywhere d) anyone
33. Our new flat is … than the old one.

a) much light c) more lighter

b) more light d) much lighter
34. This article is ___________ than the one I read yesterday.

a) less interesting c) least interesting

b) less more interesting d) interesting
35. They live … -from the school as we do.

a) farther c) farthest

b) more far d) as far
36. …Himalayas are the highest mountains in Asia.

a) The c) An

b) А d) -
37. Over 75 countries in … world use … English as … official language.

a) the, - , the c) the, the, a

b) a, -, the d) the, -, -
38. Even though he is … Brazilian he doesn’t drink … coffee, just … cup of …tea.

a) a, -, the, - c) -, -, a, -

b) -, the, -, - d) -, -, the, -
39. I am sick and tired … this loud music.

a) of c) on

b) from d) with
40. I am really interested … working for this firm.

a) in b) about

b) of c) with
41. … his opinion she looked like a princess.

a) to c) on

b) in d) with
42. The metal has been known and highly valued from earliest time, not only … its beauty and resistance to corrosion but also … gold is easier to work than all other metals.

a) because, because c) because, because of

b) because of, because of d) because of, because
43. … he goes there, he will miss any chance to get a well-paid job.

a) till c) unless

b) until d) when

Dear Donna,

I have some wonderful news for you. Clive is at home at last. He__44____already with us for five days. He looks very different. He told me he___45___greatly. Last week I__46__him some smart new clothes, but he said he__47___more comfortable in his old jeans and his T-shirt.

The thing that really worries me is that he___48____that dreadful girl, Nora, yet. On his first day home he asked about her when we__49___ lunch. He went to the house, she used to live in, but he__50__that Nora's family ___ 51____away from this district. Clive said he __52___stop looking for Nora until he __53__her. He's not at home again. I am afraid he will find her. I don't know what to do. What should I do? I hope to hear from you soon.

With love

Aunt Silvia


44. а) be c) has been

b) is d) had been


45. a) changes c) has changed

b) is changing d) had changed

46. a) buy c) has bought

b) bought d) had bought


47 a) feels c) has felt

b) felt d) fell


48. a) doesn't forget c) hasn't forgotten

b) didn't forget d) hadn't forgotten


49. a) have c) have had

b) had d) were having


50 a) told c) was told

b) has told d) is told


51. a) move c) has moved

b) moved d) had moved


52. a) won't c) doesn't

b) wouldn't d) isn't


53. a) finds c) found

b) will find d) would found


54. The answer … to this question is not correct.

a) gives c) given

b) giving d) gave
55. This bag … for all occasions.

a) used c) is using

b) is used d) has used
56. She looks … the patients well.

a) after c) of

b) for d) about
57. Money became so short he … sell his silverware to pay his expenses.

a) could c) had to

b) must d) may
58. The idea that an asteroid … strike earth and cause widespread damage is not new.

a) should c) ought

b) must d) might

. Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую сфере общения:
59. Student: “Have you had time to mark my composition?”

Teacher: “_______________”

a) Oh, dear, you look awful, what’s the matter with you?

b) Yes and I do hope you don’t mind saying this but you have made one or two tiny mistakes.

c) Yes, it was quite good and I have underlined the mistakes you’ve made.

d) Yes, I have.


60. Student: “Could I tell these rules at the next lesson? I don’t feel well.”

Teacher: “____________________________________________”

a) Yes, of course. And I don’t mind your going home.

b) Oh, my dear, you look awful. What’s the matter with you?

c) No, you can’t.

d) Yes, I have.


61. Receptionist: “Can I help you?”

Client: “_________________”

a) I’m so glad to see you. c) Yes, please. Could I reserve a room?

b) Fine. d) No, that’s not necessary.




Выберите правильные варианты ответа:
62. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of … .

a) five parts c) three parts

b) four parts d) two parts
63. What is the national emblem of England?

a) thistle c) leek

b) red rose d) shamrock
64. The USA consists of 50 … .

a) states c) districts

b) republics d) countries
65. Pancake Day is celebrated before ________ .

a) Mardi Gras c) Christmas

b) Lent d) Flag Day
66. What’s called “Big Ben”?


    1. the clock only

    2. the tower only

c) the clock and the tower

d) the bell only


67. Who was the first president of America?

a) George Washington c) John Kennedy

b) Margaret Thatcher d) George Bush
68.Расположите части делового письма в правильном порядке

1) We thank you for your letter dated the 29th September and are pleased to send you our latest catalogue and the current price list. We shall send you a special offer as soon as we have your exact requirements.

2) Messrs Dickson & King, 9 Newgate Sttreet, London
3) Dear Sirs
4) George Finchley & Sons, 68 Bond Street, London

4 October 2005


5) Yours faithfully,

Sally Blinton

69. Расположите части резюме в правильном порядке

1. Referees

2. Personal details

3. Work Experience

4. Education

5. Interests

6. Skills

7. Positions of responsibility


70. Определите, к какому виду документа относится представленный ниже отрывок

J.D.Kingsland Ltd


To: Jenny Duncan

From: Zofia Nadstoga

Fax No: 0044 1483 740675

Date: 7 April

No of pages (including this): 1

Subject: Various


Jenny

Further to my message on your answering machine, I thought it might be helpful if I faxed you the points we need you clarify on Monday…




  1. Contract c) Fax

  2. CV d) Memo


71. Выберите слова или сочетания слов для заполнения пропусков, чтобы они отражали особенности оформления служебной записки

(1)______: Purchasing and Sales Supervisor

From :(2) ______



(3)______: Drinks and Beverages Co

Date : 1 Feb.


Drinks And Beverages Co recently delivered our (4) _______. Unfortunately we ordered 75 kilos of tea and 60 kilos of coffee powder and they only sent us the tea.

Please write and ask them to deliver the coffee powder as soon as possible.




  1. To

  2. Order No. 378

  3. Manager

  4. Subject

1)______: All Staff

2)______: Malanie Jury

3)______: 15 July

4)______: Purchase orders




Publishing
The history of publishing is characterized by a close interplay of technical innovation and social change, each promoting the other. Publishing as it is known today depends on a series of three major inventions – writing, paper, and printing – and one crucial social development – the spread of literacy.

Before the invention of writing perhaps by the Sumerians in the 4th millennium BC, information could be spread only by word of mouth. Writing was originally regarded not as a means of spreading information but as a way to fix religious formulations or to secure codes of law and other socially important matters. Publishing could begin only after the monopoly of letters, often held by a priestly caste, had been broken, probably in connection with the development of the value of writing in commerce.

Scripts of varies kinds came to be used throughout most of the ancient world for proclamations, correspondence, transactions and records; but book production was confined largely to religious centres of learning, as it would be again later in medieval Europe. Only in Hellenistic Greece, in Rome, and in Chine where there were essentially nontheocratic societies, does there seem to have been any publishing in the modern sense – i. e., a copying industry supplying a lay readership.

The invention of printing transformed the possibilities of the written word. Printing seems to have been first invented in China in the 6th century AD in the form of block printing. The Chinese invented movable type in the 11th century AD but did not fully exploit it. Other Chinese inventions including paper (AD 105) were passed on to Europe by the Arabs but not, it, seems, printing. The reason may well lie in Arab insistence on hand copying of the Quran. The invention of printing in Europe is usually attributed to Johannes Guttenberg in Germany about 1440-50 although block printing had been carried out from about 1400. In less than 50 years it had been carried through most of Europe, largely by German printers.

72. Определите, является ли утверждение верным, истинным или ложным

Technological progress combined with the spread of literacy made publishing possible.

a true b false c no information

73. Определите, является ли утверждение верным, истинным или ложным

Medieval religious centres were strongly against book printing and publishing. .

a true b false c no information

74. Определите, является ли утверждение верным, истинным или ложным

It was the Arabs who brought Chinese experience in printing to Europe.

a true b false c no information

75. Укажите, какой части текста (1, 2, 3, 4) соответствует следующая информация:


Democratic regimes were the first to introduce copying industry for the common people.
Варианты ответов:


  1. 4

  2. 2

  3. 3

  4. 1

Text A. The Libraries of London

London is one of the most literary-minded cities in the world. It wold be hard to think of a subject which has not got a library devoted especially to it.

Let us start with the highest library in London, the Capitular Library of St. Paul’s Cathedral. To reach it, you must be prepared for a long climb, for it is situated right up near the Whispering Gallery which encircles the base of the cathedral dome.

The origin of the library dates back to the seventh century, but all its books, with the exception of some books printed before 1500 and six manuscripts, were destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. The archives, however, were preserved. The Library was refounded after the Fire and the collection was built up again by gift and purchase during the 17th and 18th centuries.

From the highest library in London to the biggest – which, of course, is that of the British Museum. The British Museum Library contains about six million books and the large circular Reading Room is in the center of the Museum building. In the Reading Room is a reference section of 30, 000 volumes on open shelves and also the catalogues for the whole library.

In 1841 the London Library in St. James Square was founded – a library of about 600, 000 volumes, mainly devoted to the humanities and fine arts.

Guildhall Library founded in 1425, maintained by the City of London Corporation, is the largest public general library in London. It has a very extensive collection, including many thousand original records, relating to every aspect of London history and topography.

Each of the London boroughs maintains a public library service. Holborn’s Central Library, for example, is housed in a fine new building which was opened in 1960 and has attracted interested visitors from all parts of the world. It has over 150, 000 books (lending and reference), as well as over 5, 000 gramophone records of musical works and language instruction. 1960 also saw the opening of Kensington’s new Central Library, the largest municipal public library building in London.




Text B. John Galsworthy

John Galsworthy (1867-1933) an English novelist and playwright won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1932. He has an important place in English realistic literature because of his objective descriptions of the society of his time. He was also deeply concerned with the social problems of his day.

Galsworthy’s best-known work is “The Forsyte Saga”. It is a trilogy consisting of “The Man of Property” (1960), “In Chancery” (1920) and “To Let” (1921). Around the main character of Soames Forsyte, Galsworthy pictured a declining upper middle-class society from the 1880’s to the years after World War I. He continued the story of the Forsyte, family in a later trilogy, “a Modern Comedy”, consisting of “The White Monkey” (1924), “The Silver Spoon” (1926) and “Swans Song” (1928).

In his records of the Forsytes, Galsworthy dealt with the conflict between idealism and love of worldly things. He also captured a sense of time’s pitiless passing and of an era’s inevitable decay.

Galsworthy’s plays brought a new sense of social responsibility to English drama. “The Silver Box” (1906) contrasts the law’s treatment of rich and poor people. His severe picture of solitary confinement in “Justice” (1910) led to prison reforms. The play ‘Loyalties” (1922) deals with social conduct and racial prejudice.

Galsworthy’s plays contain many effective scenes and simple, direct dialogue. They lack the poetic insights that are found in his novels, but they are meaningful and moving.

Galsworthy was born in Kingston Hill, Surrey. Galsworthy published his first novel in 1897.

3. Беседа по пройденным общепознавательным темам или по темам специальности.


Материалы (примерные задания) к экзамену:

Устная часть экзамена:

  1. Выполнение теста по прослушанному тексту на бытовую тему.

  2. Беседа на темы по широкому профилю специальности или по страноведению.

Brands

Travel


Employment

Advertising

Quality

Cultures


Competition

Trade
Письменная часть экзамена:



  1. Чтение и перевод текста на иностранном языке по специальности или страноведению объемом 1200 печатных знаков. Время на подготовку 60 мин.


Romeo and Juliet

Shakespeare’s ‘Romeo and Juliet’ is one of the most popular love stories.

Romeo and Juliet belong to families, the Montegues and the Capulets, separated for generations by a vicious feud. Nevertheless, Romeo is persuaded by his friends Mercutio and Benvolio to go with them in disguise to a party at the Capulet house. There he meets and falls in love with Juliet, Capulet’s only daughter, and discovers that she loves in return.

Knowing that their parents will oppose their relationship, they marry in secret. But the family feud continues to rage around them and compels their deaths.

“Romeo and Juliet” is a tragic and wonderful story of an overpowering love passion shown by the master poet in sharp contrast with the quick passions of hate. The feuds of Capulet and Montegue raise the storms in which young love is wrecked. But the death of the young lovers is the death of the old hate between the two families.

The beauty and ardour for young love are seen by Shakespeare as the irradiating glory of sunlight and starlight in a dark world. The dominating image is of light, every form and manifestation of it; the sun, the moon, fire, lighting… To Juliet, Romeo is “day in night”; to Romeo, Juliet is the sun rising from the east, and when they soar to love’s ecstasy, each alike pictures the other as stars in heaven. The sad story of a tender, passionate and reckless love and its pitiable fate finds an emotional response with the audience in all countries.



2. Личное или деловое письмо.
Напишите CURRICULUM VITAE (chronological British) по образцу:
PERSONAL DETAILS

Name:


Marital status: (single/ married… children)

Date of Birth:

Place of Birth:

Nationality:

Address:

Telephone: (office/ home)

Fax:

E-mail:


Languages: Russian (native), Finnish (fluent),

English (spoken only), French (written only).


EDUCATION

…. secondary school, Turku, Finland

Studies at the University of Turku, 1983-1985

Candidate in Philosophy / Social Sciences (Master’s degree), University of Helsinki, 1984.


EMPLOYMENT:
ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
WORK EXPRIENCE
INTERESTS
MEMBERSHIP OF CLUBS AND SOCIETIES
POSITIONS OF RESPONSIBILITY
REFEREES

Professor N.N.

Department of Political Science

University of Helsinki

(address)

Other references available on request


Signed: Date:
CURRICULUM VITAE - AMERICAN STYLE
Name

Address


Telephone

E-mail address


THE JOB YOU ARE AIMING FOR
EDUCATION

from not till past

*institution

*major and minor

*degree and year
DISSERTATION

(Master’s thesis - in Finland)*title

*brief description
EMPLOYMENT(S)

from now till past

*title of rank (title in firms)

*dates
FELLOWSHIPS, HONOURS, GRANTS AND AWARDS


MEMBERSHIP IN SOCIETIES
PRESENTATIONS AND PUBLICATIONS
ACTIVITIES (your interests)
REFERENCES

*three referees (names, titles, addresses and telephones)


Signed: Date:

Б.1.4 Педагогика



Вопросы для подготовки к экзамену

  1. Педагогика как наука. Объект, предмет, задачи и функции педагогики. Основные категории педагогики: воспитание, образование, обучение.

  2. Место педагогики в системе наук о человеке, связь педагогики с другими науками. Структура педагогической науки.

  3. Общая характеристика методов научно-педагогического исследования.

  4. Образование как целенаправленный процесс воспитания и обучения в интересах человека, общества и государства. Социокультурные функции образования. Единство образования и самообразования.

  5. Сущность педагогического процесса. Педагогическая задача как основная единица педагогического процесса.

  6. Исторический аспект развития образования как социального явления.

  7. Содержание образования как фундамент базовой культуры личности. Сущность содержания образования и принципы его структурирования. Критерии отбора содержания образования.

  8. Государственный образовательный стандарт и его функции. Документы, определяющие содержание образования.

  9. Система образования в РФ, ее структура. Принципы государственной политики в области образования. Типы образовательных учрежде­ний. Формы получения образования.

  10. Непрерывный характер современного образования. Цели, содержание и структура непрерывного образования.

  11. Современные тенденции развития системы образования в России.

  12. Сущность процесса обучения, его движущие силы, структура и виды. Единство образовательной, воспитательной и развивающей функций обучения.

  13. Закономерности и принципы обучения. Процесс обучения как единство преподавания и учения.

  14. Профессиональная деятельность и личность педагога. Сущность и виды педагогической деятельности.

  15. Понятие и сущность метода обучения. Виды методов и средств обучения. Выбор методов и средств обучения.

  16. Организационные формы обучения. Характеристика классно-урочной системы обучения.

  17. Понятие «педагогическая технология». Классификация технологий обучения.

  18. Технология проблемного обучения.

  19. Технология проектного обучения.

  20. Воспитание как социально-педагогический феномен, его функции и движущие силы. Основные направления воспитания.

  21. Понятие о методах воспитания. Классификация методов воспитания. Педагогические условия оптимального отбора и эффективного применения методов и средств воспитания.

  22. Коллектив как объект и субъект воспитания. Формирование личности в коллективе. Педагогическая теория коллектива.

  23. Семья как субъект педагогического взаимодействия и социокультурная среда воспитания и развития личности. Современные проблемы семейного воспитания. Задачи, принципы и содержание семейного воспитания.

  24. Типы семей. Стили семейных взаимоотношений. Методы, правила семейного воспитания.

  25. Управление образовательными системами. Принципы, формы и методы управления в образовании. Контроль и регулирование в управлении образовательными системами.




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  1   2   3

  • Тестовые задания 1 курс
  • Тема задания
  • Заполните
  • Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую сфере общения
  • Выберите
  • . Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую сфере общения
  • 71. Выберите слова или сочетания слов для заполнения пропусков, чтобы они отражали особенности оформления служебной записки (1)_
  • Text A. The Libraries of London
  • Материалы (примерные задания) к экзамену
  • Вопросы для подготовки к экзамену